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Saturday, August 1, 2020 | History

2 edition of novel process for the production of castor oil by direct solvent extraction. found in the catalog.

novel process for the production of castor oil by direct solvent extraction.

Ismail Hassan Hussein

novel process for the production of castor oil by direct solvent extraction.

by Ismail Hassan Hussein

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  • 14 Currently reading

Published by University of Aston. Department of Chemical Engineering in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (PhD) - University of Aston in Birmingham, 1982.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13776071M

meal of castor remaining after oil extraction can be affected on its value as an animal feed (Roetheli et al., ). Ricinine is a bi tter white crysta lline alkaloi d extracted from the s eeds.   Castor oil seed contains about 30%–50% oil (m/m). 74, 75 Castor oil can be extracted from castor beans by either mechanical pressing, solvent extraction, or a combination of pressing and extraction. 74 After harvesting, the seeds are allowed to dry so that the seed hull will split open, releasing the seed inside. The extraction process begins.

Material finally discharged from the press, called castor cake, contains % oil. It is crushed into a coarse meal, and subjected to solvent extraction with heptane to extract further oil. Castor Oil Filtration & Purification – Summary. Once the oil has been extracted from the seed, it is necessary to remove impurities present in the oil. The chemistry of castor oil is mainly centered on ricin-oleic acid due to its high content in the oil and the pres-ence of the three functional groups in the acid. The three functionalities are crucial towards the versatility of the oil for the production of variety of castor oil based products. The carboxylic group for instance, can lead to a wide.

  Production of castor oil seed. The oil content of the castor seed is approximately 45–50%, with a yield of kg of oil per hectare [28,45]. The average annual world production of CO seed from to was approximately × 10 6 t.   The ensuing mixture (miscella) containing the oil at the end of the extraction was heated to recover the solvent from the oil by using a rotary evaporator. The same process was repeated for ethanol and petroleum ether as an extracting solvent and recovery. Castor Oil Recovery.


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Novel process for the production of castor oil by direct solvent extraction by Ismail Hassan Hussein Download PDF EPUB FB2

Abstract This research was undertaken to: develop a process for the direct solvent extraction of castor oil seeds. A literature survey confirmed the desirability of establishing such a process with emphasis on the decortication, size, reduction, detoxification-deallergenization, and solventextraction.

This research was undertaken to: develop a process for the direct solvent extraction of castor oil seeds. A literature survey confirmed the desirability of establishing such a process with emphasis on the decortication, size, reduction, detoxification-deallergenization, and solventextraction : Ismail H.

Hussein. Extraction of oil: There are three main methods for extracting oil from seeds, which are: hydraulic pressing, expeller pressing and solvent extraction. In this process 50% of the crude oil content is extracted using expellers, while the seed cake containing 30% oil is sent to solvent extraction unit where the seed cake is mixed with hexane to.

Castor oil is a vegetable oil pressed from castor beans. Castor oil is a colourless to very pale yellow liquid with a distinct taste and odor. Its boiling point is °C ( °F) and its density is kg/m 3. It is a triglyceride in which approximately 90 percent of fatty acid chains are ricinoleates.

Oleate and linoleates are the other significant name: Average Percentage Range. Oil extraction is usually achieved by mechanical expression or solvent extraction, or both.

Average oil content for all castor seed varieties is about % oil by weight (Ogunniyi, ) - actual yield depending on particular seed variety, geographical origin/climatic conditions, and on the oil extraction Cited by:   The enthalpy changes (AH) in the extraction process for the two solvents were obtained from the slopes of the plots.

A value of kJ/mole was obtained for each solvent. This low value of AH shows that the solvent extraction of castor oil from castor seeds using either hexane or dry feint is purely a physical process. The yield of castor oil through a solvent extraction process.

we provide a detailed analysis of novel processing methods involved in castor oil production. We discuss novel processing methods. Cold-pressed castor oil has low acid and iodine values, a slightly higher saponification value compared to that extracted using solvent extraction as well as being lighter in colour [3].

In literature, various attempts were made to optimize castor oil recovery. The optimum results were a recovery and moisture content of % and %. global demand for castor oil. India contributes abouttonnesannually, and accounting for 60% of the entire global production. Essentially, all the castor oil production in the U.S has been eliminated by a combination of economic factors, excessive allergenic reactions of field and the processing workers, and the toxicity of the seed meal.

(1) Function: Solvent extraction system is an oil extraction through soaking or spraying oil cake by a certain organic solvent. The principle of this part is the different solubility of solvent. (2) Use range: Solvent extraction fits for pre-press extraction of high-oil-content materials and direct once time extraction of low-oil-content materials.

Process for solvent extraction of castor oil from castor seed Download PDF Info solvent oil castor castor oil Prior art date Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion.

Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) Expired - Lifetime.

proposal is however focused at extraction of castor oils using solvent. The castor seed firstly face the separation process of the shell from the nibs and then by using the mortar and pestle, the seeds were crushed into the paste (cake) to release the castor fat for the extraction process (Ogunniyi, ).

IDENTIFICATION OF PROBLEM. Castor Oil Processing. Castor oil processing is very important process in the oil milling plant, castor oil press is necessary in castor oil processing or you can say castor oil production. Castor oil is one of the most useful plant oils all over the world.

Castor oil is used in pharmaceuticals, food, and other industries in various grades. (extracted oil mixed with solvent) was heated at the end of the extraction to recover the solvent from the oil. The solvent free oil was then refined for further use.

Refining of castor oil The refining was needed to remove gum from the extracted oil. Boiling water was added to the oil and the mixture stirred for 2 mins and allowed to stand in. Castor oil production process machinery.

Castor Oil Extraction Process: Extraction of oil from castor seeds is done in a manner similar to that for most other oil ripe seeds are allowed to dry, when they split open and discharge the seeds.

The seeds are dehulled after harvesting. Castor seed oil content, it may vary from %. Production of castor oil by extraction process is economic one. Process of extraction may be batch type or continuous.

Oil Extraction process carried over the following stages to get pure castor oil; they are Extraction process, Distillation process, Separation of excess wax available in the oil. Castor oil extraction process is a very important key for the success of complete castor oil extraction plant.

Just feel free to inquiry for customized oil milling plant and cost. There is alway many detailed information and photos of successful castor oil mill projects if you are interested.

Production of Detergent from Castor Oil. Abubakar Garba ISAH. Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 65, Minna, Nigeria, [email protected] Abstract. This research work was carried out with the objective of extraction of oil from castor seeds and its utilization to produce a synthetic detergent.

Today, about 1 Mt of castor beans are harvested annually for castor oil production, with India, China and Brazil being major producers. The plant, and in particular the seeds after oil extraction, are a rich source of protein and have been used to supplement feed, following detoxification, intended for, e.g., sheep, cattle, chicken and fish.

castor oil were higher than the values of a standard lubricant (SAE 40 engine oil). The unique structure of castor oil offers interesting prop-erties, making it appropriate for various industrial applica-tions. Castor oil is known to consist of up to 90% ricinoleic, 4% linoleic, 3% oleic, 1% stearic, and less than 1% linolenic fatty acids.

further extraction and previous weight became equal. The experiment was repeated by placing 5 g of the sample into the thimble again.

The weight of oil extracted was deter-mined for each 30 min internal. At the end of the extraction, the resulting mixture containing the oil was heated to re-cover solvent from the oil.combination of processes, such as hydrate presses, continuous screw presses and solvent extraction.

However the most satisfactory approach is hot pressing using a hydraulic press, followed by solvent extraction [1, 3]. However, castor oil and its derivatives are used in the production of paints, varnishes.Castor Seeds Oil Production Machine And Castor Seeds Oil Extraction Equipment, Find Complete Details about Castor Seeds Oil Production Machine And Castor Seeds Oil Extraction Equipment,Castor Seeds Oil Production Machine,Castor Seeds Oil Extraction Equipment,Seeds Oil Extraction Equipment from Oil Pressers Supplier or Manufacturer-Henan Hongde Grain And Oil .